Naples is the capital of the Italian region Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Rome and Milan. In 2015, around 975,260 people lived within the city's administrative limits. The Metropolitan City of Naples had a population of 3,115,320. Naples is the 9th-most populous urban area in the European Union with a population of between 3 million and 3.7 million. About 4.4 million people live in the Naples metropolitan area, one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea.

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The History of Naples

The origin of the foundation of Naples is linked to very ancient myths and stories. Neapolis , founded by the Greeks in the fourth century BC. and undisputed pearl of the Mediterranean, is linked to the Mermaid Partenope legend . We need to get the hands of time for 3,500 years! The mythological figure, described in the Odyssey, is famous for its melodious song. And the odyssey, although written in the eighth century BC, narrates the events taking place right between the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries BC. From this also comes the "Neapolitan" moniker that Neapolitans still use to identify themselves. Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established in the Naples area in the second millennium BC. A larger colony,initially known as Parthenope ,developed on the Island of Megaride around the ninth century BC, at the end of the Greek Dark Ages. The city was refounded as Neapolis in the sixth century BC and became a lynchpin of Magna Graecia, playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society and eventually becoming a cultural centre of the Roman Republic. Naples remained influential after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, in union with Sicily, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861. Naples was the most-bombed Italian city during World War II. Much of the city's 20th-century periphery was constructed under Benito Mussolini's fascist government, and during reconstruction efforts after World War II. The city has experienced significant economic growth in recent decades, and unemployment levels in the city and surrounding Campania have decreased since 1999. However, Naples still suffers from political and economic corruption,and unemployment levels remain high. Naples has the fourth-largest urban economy in Italy, after Milan, Rome and Turin.

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Monuments of Naples

"Castel dell'Ovo":

The history of the castle dates back to the seventh century BC, when the Cumans landed on the island, the greek-Euboean origin, who founded Partenope (or Neapolis- new city).
But why is it called Castel dell? The origin of the curious name is linked to one of the most imaginative Neapolitan legends of medieval origin, according to which Virgil, the great Latin poet, you would hide inside a cage an enchanted egg.
This would have been settled, the poet "magician", in a glass full of water protected by an iron cage hanging pitcher and a heavy oak beam and placed in a room located in the basement of the castle.
So far no one has found the egg; in fact, the place where it was stored was kept secret. Everybody began to believe that as long as the egg was not broken, the city and the castle would be protected from any kind of disaster,
but if something happened to the egg, there would be trouble for Naples and Neapolitans. Today the castle hosts conferences and high-level ceremonies.
They can be visited the two towers, known as Normandy and Teacher, the remains of the Church of San Salvatore, an indoor Gothic vaults of an arched loggia of the '300 in 800 transformed into a chapel, the Hall of Columns,
the remains of a portico fifteenth century, the monks' cells, the so-called prison of Queen Giovanna and the large terrace with the Spanish cannons facing the city (see photo).